Dr.ing. Daragus Attila Maior Turia

Torja is situated in Kovaszna county, in the north- western part of the upper Haromszek pool, close to Kezdivasarhely, along the brook with the same name. It lies in front of three ranges of mountains: on the south western and southern part there is the Bodoki mountain, on the western and northwestern part there is the Csomad mountain and on the northern part there is the Torja mountain.

.          . .                      .

The ancient settlement possessed such a big property that Kezdivasrhely’s territory used to belong to it too. The village congregation at Felsoharomszek was established in 1917 by uniting Torja, Alsovolal, Felsovolal and Karatna, but before that date in 1899 Altorja and Feltorja were united and they became Torja. These once separate villages used to be part of Felso Feher county until 1867. Nowadays they belong together with Futasfalva and Balvanyosfurdo to the same village congregation.

The firs one is 2 km far from the center and the latter is 13 km far from it. Felsotorja was first mentioned in written documents in 1307, while Alsotorja dates back to 1332. We have data about Karatna and Volal from 1427. Torja is inhabited by more then 4000 people, almost 100 percent of which are of Hungarian nationality. Most of the locals belong to Roman Catholic religion, but there are a number of Protestants and Orthodox people too. The inhabitants of Alsotorja and Volal are almost all Catholics, the Protestants live mainly at Felsotorja and Karatna. The settlement was considered a significant place in the past too, it had a well developed home industry, and wood industry. Nowadays the locals are most involved in agriculture and animal breeding, but they also focus on tourism.

On an almost 15 hectares area they work the land, and part of it is used as pasture. This is the location of the Antrec organization which is concerned with village tourism on national level. The local hosting concentrates mainly on the traditional Sekler characteristics of the region and also on the popularization of the local natural treasures. In this respect the development programs all include these rehabilitation attempts as priority.